Cloud computing is a burgeoning technology. It provides tremendous features, such as flexibility, promising data storage, data security, improved association among employees, and alteration in the workflow of small businesses as well as large companies to enable them to make better decisions while lowering expenses. 10 Cloud Computing Challenges to Face in 2021 are explained in this article.
What is Cloud Computing?
Cloud computing refers to the delivery of several hardware and software services over the internet; the entire transmission takes place through a network of remote servers. These remote servers can store, manage, and process data that gives liberty to users to expand or elevate their current infrastructure. It also implies that it is an on-request computing service that delivers through the internet, and the business gets the only services that it pays for.
The facilities and scope of the cloud are vast. The IT industry has divided computing services into three sectors to use its services as per the requirements.
- SaaS: SaaS stands for Software as a Service, and it includes end-user applications that are delivered as a service rather than traditional in-built company & software. The organization does not have to buy the subscription software as this is done by the managed service provider and Top SaaS Development Companies.
- PaaS: The acronym for PaaS is Platform as a Service, which means it provides middleware or an application platform as a service. Moreover, developers use that platform for building and deploying custom applications.
Usual solutions provided in this service vary widely, such as APIs tools, databases, security integration, and business process management systems that enable developers to prepare applications and run them on the physical structure that is owned and maintained by the cloud vendor.
- IaaS: The full form of Iaas is Infrastructure as a Service. It mainly incorporates the hardware along with technology for evaluating storage, power, processing systems, or other infrastructures. These are delivered as off-premises and on-demand services instead of dedicated or on-site resources.
Characteristics of Cloud Computing Technology
The following are some characteristics of cloud computing technology:
- On-Demand Self-Service
- Resources Pooling
- Large Network Access
- Easy Maintenance
- Automatic System
- Pay as per usage
- Measured Service
10 Biggest Cloud Computing Challenges in 2021
Despite being the backbone of many businesses, cloud computing also faces some challenges since everything comes with pros and cons. Besides, in some rare circumstances, the cloud computing challenges can create some serious problems for businesses. Some of its challenges are as follows:
One of the topmost concerns while investing in cloud services is security issues. And it arises because data gets stored as well as processed by third-party and the owner does not have direct control over it. There are many instances of compromised credentials, broken authentication, account hacking, data breaches, and other issues that come up in a particular organization. This thing makes organizations a little skeptical about this technology.
It is great to know that cloud providers have started working on developing more secure networks. Become more cautious by keeping a check on users whether they are using a secure user identity management system and access control protocols. Also, make sure the database protection and privacy protocols are implemented properly.
2. Password Security
The cloud account becomes insecure when a lot of users get access to it. It also means that sensitive information can be accessed by anyone who knows the password or even can hack the cloud.
In such scenarios, the business can use multi-level authentication to ensure the passwords are safe. Besides, it is always beneficial to change passwords regularly, especially when an employee leaves the organization. The distribution of usernames and passwords needs to be done cautiously.
3. Cost Management
Cloud computing gives the liberty to its users to access application software over a high-speed internet connection. Although this method saves money because there is no need to buy computer hardware or software or spend money on its management and maintenance, collaborating with a third-party platform to access services is difficult and costly. Apart from that, data transferring to a public cloud can be a costly affair for a small business or project.
4. Lack of Expertise
Management has become challenging as the workload on cloud systems has grown as well as cloud tools are improving rapidly. A skilled workforce that can deal with cloud computing software and services has been in high demand for some time. As a result, businesses need to give training to their IT workers on how to mitigate this risk.
5. Internet Connectivity
A high-speed internet connection is essential for cloud services since these services are dependent on the internet. As a result, small businesses that experience connectivity problems need to plan to invest in a reliable internet connection to avoid downtime. The reason for this investment is that internet outages could cost a company a lot of money.
6. Control or Governance
Having regulated control over asset management and maintenance is another critical concern in cloud computing. A dedicated team can be hired to ensure that the assets used to deploy cloud services are used following decided policies and procedures. Maintenance should be carried out carefully, and the assets should be put in to help accomplish the organization’s objectives.
Maintaining compliance is another big challenge associated with cloud computing. To ensure compliance, there can be a set of protocols that govern what data can be transferred, and what should be held in the organization itself. Multiple government bodies have set some compliance rules that must be followed and respected by the organizations.
8. Multiple Cloud Management
Nowadays, organizations have started investing in multiple public as well as private clouds, or a hybrid cloud that combines the two, and this practice is burgeoning. As a result, it has become critical to figure out the problems that such organizations come across, so there is a need to figure out some ways to keep up with the trend.
Switching the business software to the cloud or a third-party vendor implies that the service provider will also play a huge role in the performance of the business. Another significant issue with cloud computing is looking for the best cloud service provider.
Before investing, opt for companies that use cutting-edge technology. The provider’s systems also have an association with the success of BIs and other cloud-based systems. While selecting service providers, be vigilant and ensure that they have the required solutions to deal with problems that occur in real-time.
10. Cloud Migration
Moving a new or existing system to the cloud is referred to as cloud migration. When talking about a new application, the procedure is moderately simple. However, if an old organization system is being migrated, it can become monotonous.
When a comparison between developing a completely new cloud application with the migration of an existing application to the cloud takes place, the response is clear. Migration of an existing one comes with a host of obstacles, disadvantages, and risks. Cloud migration has been plagued by issues, such as security setup, time consumption, not budget-friendly, unmatched specifications, outage, and so on.
To conclude, despite having numerous drawbacks in cloud computing technology, its benefits are something that is not possible to understate or ignore. Companies of all sizes are employing cloud computing in their businesses rapidly.
Cloud computing can become a reliable technology once the problems listed above are taken care of properly. By taking the help of proper management and trained experts, they can come up with an appropriate resolution for each challenge. Besides, training can be provided to current employees through the experts. It will help employees to further develop their technological skills.
Cloud cost control solutions, containers, automation, auto-scaling capabilities, and various other technologies can help to mitigate the risks of Cloud Computing. One of the critical cloud’s problems is the usage of a multi-cloud system that can create a lot of complications. To overcome this issue and some of the other issues, organizations need to conduct analysis, manage vendor alliances, and many more.