How to Become a Patient Care Technician

Patient Care Technician
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Patient care technicians (PCTs) play a crucial role in healthcare settings by providing hands-on care to patients under the supervision of registered nurses and doctors. PCTs assist patients with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and grooming, as well as monitoring vital signs and administering medications. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in healthcare and making a difference in the lives of patients, becoming a PCT may be a good option for you. In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive guide on how to become a patient care technician, including the necessary education, skills, and certification requirements.

Education and Training Requirements for PCTs

To become a PCT, you must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. However, most employers prefer candidates who have completed a patient care training program. These programs typically last for several weeks to a few months and include classroom instruction as well as hands-on clinical experience. During the program, you’ll learn about basic patient care, anatomy and physiology, medical terminology, infection control, and communication skills.

Skills Required for PCTs

In addition to formal education and training, patient care technician must possess several soft skills to succeed in their roles. These include:

    Compassion and Empathy: PCTs must be able to understand and empathize with patients’ needs and concerns and provide emotional support to them and their families.

Communication Skills: PCTs must have excellent verbal and written communication skills to interact with patients, healthcare professionals, and families effectively.

 Attention to Detail: PCTs must pay close attention to details, such as changes in a patient’s condition or medication dosages, to ensure the best possible care.

 Physical Stamina: PCTs must be physically fit and able to perform tasks that require bending, lifting, and standing for long periods.

Certification and Licensure Requirements for PCTs

Although certification is not always required to work as a PCT, it can enhance your job prospects and increase your earning potential. One of the most common certifications for PCTs is the Certified Patient Care Technician/Assistant (CPCT/A) credential, which is offered by the National Healthcareer Association (NHA). To be eligible for the CPCT/A exam, you must have a high school diploma or equivalent and completed an accredited PCT training program or have at least one year of experience working as a PCT.

Job Outlook and Salary for PCTs

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of nursing assistants, orderlies, and attendants (including PCTs) is projected to grow 5 percent from 2021 to 2031, which is faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for PCTs is expected to increase due to the aging baby boomer population, who require more healthcare services as they age.

The median annual wage for nursing assistants, orderlies, and attendants was $30,830 as of May 2020, according to the BLS. However, salaries can vary depending on factors such as experience, education, location, and employer.

Steps to Becoming a Patient Care Technician

If you’re interested in becoming a PCT, here are the general steps you can take:

Obtain a High School Diploma or Equivalent: Most PCT training programs require a high school diploma or equivalent, such as a GED.

Complete a PCT Training Program: Look for a certified patient care technician program at a community college, vocational school, or healthcare facility. The program should include both classroom instruction and hands-on clinical experience

Gain Work Experience: Many employers prefer to hire PCTs who have some work experience, such as working as a nursing assistant or in a healthcare setting. This can also help you decide if this is the right career path for you.

Obtain Certification: Although certification is not always required, it can enhance your job prospects and increase your earning potential. Consider obtaining the CPCT/A credential from the National Healthcareer Association (NHA).

Apply for Jobs: Once you’ve completed your education, training, and certification, it’s time to start applying for PCT jobs. Look for job postings online, in newspapers, or through your network of healthcare professionals.

Maintain Your Skills and Knowledge: To succeed as a PCT, you must stay up-to-date with the latest medical advancements, regulations, and technology. Consider attending continuing education courses, workshops, or conferences to enhance your skills and knowledge.


Becoming a patient care technician requires a combination of education, training, skills, and certification. PCTs play a vital role in healthcare settings by providing hands-on care to patients and assisting healthcare professionals. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in healthcare, becoming a PCT may be a good option for you. Follow the steps outlined in this article to start your journey towards becoming a patient care technician.


What is the difference between a nursing assistant and a patient care technician?

Nursing assistants and patient care technicians perform similar duties, such as assisting with daily activities and monitoring vital signs. However, patient care technicians may have additional responsibilities, such as drawing blood and performing electrocardiograms (ECGs).

Is certification required to become a PCT?

Certification is not always required to become a PCT, but it can enhance your job prospects and increase your earning potential.

How long does it take to complete a PCT training program?

PCT training programs can last from several weeks to a few months, depending on the program’s structure and requirements.

What is the job outlook for PCTs?

The job outlook for PCTs is positive, with employment projected to grow 9 percent from 2020 to 2030, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

What skills are required to succeed as a PCT?

PCTs must possess several key skills, including compassion and empathy, communication skills, attention to detail, and physical stamina.

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